MDG1: Eradicate poverty and hunger
According to the Annual Report of MDGs, issued by the National Center for Statistics and Information, eradicating poverty and hunger shall mean the achievement of three main goals:
1.A: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
As to meet the international calls to eradicate poverty, the Sultanate has adopted a number of programs to alleviate poverty in Oman: Social Care Programs: set for families in need like social insurance system and programs of disabled care and rehabilitation, etc. The Ministry of Social Development provides monthly wages to these families especially of the categories: elderlies, divorced, widows, socially incapables, orphans, unmarried women, and families of prisoners. The ministry, also, gives special care to the disabled by establishing Disabled Care and Rehabilitation Center in Al-Khoud, Disabled Children Care Center, and Al Wafa Social Centers.
Improve Income Programs: like Livelihood Resource Projects which aims at finding personal livelihood sources and marketing it for families registered in the social insurance programs, disabled families, and low-income families. So these families are able to fend for themselves and be active and productive in the society.
The Ministry of the Social Development also encourages these families to benefit from their traditional aircraft skills to make their own businesses, and it funds them and markets for their products as well as improves their professional abilities through Social Security Family Projects.
In the way of reaching this goal, the government has assigned a number of youth programs for youth to support their families in providing livelihood sources and such programs are: Sanad Program affiliated to the Ministry of Manpower, which grants loans without benefits, Intilaqa Program to boost abilities, and Youth Projects Development Fund for moral support.
According to the Annual Report of MDGs 2015, this goal has been achieved since 2011. Thus, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day has totally disappeared, while the share of poorest quintile in national consumption has increased to 6.1% in 2011 against 5.1% in 2000.
1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
The Sultanate, represented by the Ministry of Manpower and Ministry of Civil Service, has made its efforts to provide decent work for all and give jobseekers the opportunity to engage in the job market. For more on this topic, visit Work and Employment page in the portal. Moreover, the Sultanate has given women special attention in work field as to effectively contribute beside men. Therefore, it established businesswomen forum as part of Oman Chamber, and it allocated a budget from Sanad Program to fund small and medium projects for women. In fact, the latest 2013 statistics showed that about 8.9% is the GDP growth rate per employed person against 18.3% in 2000. This decline in GDP could be referred to the retreat of oil products, which reflexes the dominance of oil proceeds in such GDP rates. However, the employment-to-population ratio has risen to 63.6% in 2013 compared to 56.4% in 1993 while the proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment has decreased almost to the half, as it declined to 2.5% in 2010 compared to 4.5% in 1993.
1.C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
The nutrition status of children in Oman has improved due to the efforts that the Sultanate has made during the past years. These efforts can be viewed through the decline in the rate of prevalence of underweight children under five years of age; as it went down to about 9.7% in 2014 compared to about 23% in 1995, according to the 2015 Annual Report of NCIS.