MDG5: Improve maternal health
Improve maternal health shall mean the achievement of the following goals:
5.A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
Due to the common typical roles of Omani family members, and the provider’s need of some help in the farms, Omanis tend to form extensive families and they feel proud of the muchness of sons. However, this pattern of reproduction causes lots of health and psychological problems for both mother and child. Therefore, the Sultanate, through its development plans, aims at changing such attitude and believes, of which Ministry of Health hold the responsibility. The ministry has set the strategies and provided the services related to maternal health like Nursing and Midwifery Program, which provides health services during and after pregnancy. This program contributes in preventing lots of maternal problems like anemia, reproduction convergence, etc. Moreover, the electronic Maternity and Childhood Program, affiliated to Al-Shifa System provides primary and comprehensive health services for pregnant.
Such efforts of the Sultanate has led to the decline in the maternal mortality ratio per 100.000 live birth to 12.3% in 2013, while the rate was 27.3% in 1990. Additionally, proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel increased to about 99.1% in 2014, and antenatal care coverage (at least four visits) rate reached 93.8% in 2013.
5.B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health
The Convention of Eliminating All Forms of Discrimination against Women has recommended the Sultanate to raise awareness among its people of the importance of using contraceptives, the risks of abortion, and their reproductive rights. In fact, in 2014, the use of contraceptives increased to 29.7%, reflecting society’s recognition of the importance of family planning. The convention committee also stresses on promoting the programs and the policies related to reproduction health, and providing women and ladies with the necessary psychological consultants, with special care to disabled girls.
Reproduction Convergence Program, established in 1994, is considered one of the approaches to maintain maternity health and a policy to keep the population density balanced.