MDG6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
It shall mean the achievement of three main goals:
Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
In this regard, the Sultanate launched the National Program to Combat Aids in 1987, which aims to raise awareness among society members about the seriousness of this epidemic disease and the way to avoid it. Ministry of Health has relied on this program, so it organizes campaigns, one of which is the campaign of communicating with society under the name “let’s Talk About AIDS”. This campaign targets young people in particular, not only because they form the largest cross-section of the society but also because they are more likely to be infected of HIV as a result of their bad behavior. According to the Annual Report of NCSI in 2005, about 65% constitute a segment of society, aged of 15-25, which have accurate and comprehensive knowledge about HIV.
In addition, the ministry provides integrated services for those living with the disease psychologically, through the provision of medical specialists in referral hospitals and the provision of psychologists who are trained and are being trained annually. They are also being provided with the updates in aspects of communicating with the diseased and helping them to solve their social and economic problems. For this, the Sultanate always seeks cooperating with international and regional authorities to combat HIV. These efforts have resulted in the achievement of this goal, with HIV prevalence among people aged 15-25 years reached 0.03%.
Target 6.B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it.
The Sultanate exerts its extreme efforts to contact the concerned authorities to provide the medicine and vacancies of HIV. Represented by Ministry of Health, the Sultanate provides antiretroviral treatment to AIDS patients, where there are six varieties of medicine. Central Public Health Laboratory also offers HIV viral load test and resistance and genotyping test. (CD4) test is available as well in four centers in the Sultanate. Moreover, Oman has a wide range of laboratory tests to provide optimal treatment to the patient. There is also extensive tests of diagnosing and assessing the severity of HIV in all health centers in Oman such as examination of immune statue or viral load. As the latest statistics of 2010 showed, proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs rose to 95%, compared to about 78.4% in 2005.
Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
Malaria is one of the major health problems in Oman. In order to combat it, the Sultanate has set the concerned strategies and plans. It launched the National Program to eradicate Malaria in 1991, and prescribed preventive medicine for travelers to countries well-known of malaria spread. Therefore, it improved early-detection of infected cases among those from Africa and India. In fact, this goal had been achieved since 2013, where incidence rates associated with malaria (per 100000 population) declined to 0.29% compared to over 56% in 1995. Moreover, death rates associated with malaria totally disappeared by 2005. As for Ratio of tuberculosis per (100000) population, it has fallen to almost half by 2013 at a rate of 4.82%, as death rate associated with tuberculosis per (100000) population reached 0.31% in 2013. Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under the directly observed treatment short course, however, has reached 92% of the same year.