MDG8: Develop a global partnership
This goal calls for development partners to work hand in hand to ensure the fairness of trade, relief debt burden for highly indebted countries, provide fund to combat poverty, provide essential drugs at affordable prices, and introduce information and communication technology to poor countries. This goal has to achieve the following targets:
Target 8.A: Establishing trading and financial system that is open, rule-based, predictable, and non-discriminatory, and that includes commitment to the guiding governance and development, and alleviation of poverty- on national and international levels.
Oman has the infrastructures that encourage and facilitate the national and foreign investment in it. Its geographical location that overlooks international and regional sea lanes along with the existence of Omani ports open new heights for investment and free trading. Moreover, the Sultanate is characterized by its stable economy, strong infrastructure, and qualified human resources that guarantee the easiness of investment in Oman. Not to mention the regulations issued to support this open economic direction and to encourage foreign investments, which are gradually increasing by the Sultanate's engagement in international organizations, international trading organization, and free trading agreement with the USA.
On national level, Oman seeks to promote the private sector, along with developing small and medium enterprises. Therefore, an independent government institution has been established. This institution concerns about funding SME through the establishment of AlRafd Fund and the increase of insurances addressed to it.
Target 8.B: Deal comprehensively with debt burdens of developing countries by taking the measures, on national and international level, to make them burden their debts in the long run.
Though it is not a member of the organization of economic cooperation and development, the Sultanate participates actively in lending a helping hand to other countries, especially provision of humanitarian assistance in catastrophes.
Target 8.C: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.
Providing access to affordable, safe, and of high quality drugs is one of the integral goals of health strategy in Oman. In fact, Ministry of Health hold the responsibility to supervise drugs and its distribution to different health centers. It also works on testing the components of these drugs and checking its safety. Moreover, the ministry registers all companies that produce the drugs, supervises narcotic materials, issues duty-fees necessary to export and import drugs, supervises drugs’ prices, and licenses pharmacies and pharmacists’ assistants. Additionally, the ministry provides its citizens with free drugs, while expatriates have to pay for their treatment and drugs. In fact, this goal has been achieved since 1990, where the proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis reached 100%.
Target 8.D: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
Due to the technological progress that the world witnesses nowadays, people in Oman tend to take the considerable advantage from technology, especially mobile phones which become accessible to everyone. Thus, phone lines used have increased, along with the usage of Internet. However, this use remains negligible in front of the Sultanate’s vision in this area.in fact, fixed telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants reached about 9.4, while cellular subscribers per 100 inhabitants was 155.13 in 2014. Moreover, Internet users per 100 inhabitants reached to 67 in 2011, compared to 6.1 in 2003. It is worth mentioning that the Information Technology Authority has founded SAS Entrepreneurship Program to support information technology projects in order to promote them to serve society.